World Heritage Sites 21-25+ Back

21. Mount Fortress

Mount Fortress was the centrepiece of Macau’s defensive network, and played a big role in repelling the Dutch invasion in 1622.  Built between 1617 and 1626, the hilltop fort had enough supplies to endure a two year siege.  The home of Macanese Governors from 1623 to 1740, it was a military restricted zone until 1965.  Since 1996, it’s housed the excellent Macau Museum.


woman with a red umbrella walks through the front door of Mount Fortress man sits and smokes a cigarette beside a cannon on Mount Fortress large tree beside water on Mount Fortress exterior of Macau Museum on Mount Fortress

Opening Hours: 7:00 am to 7:00 pm

10:00 am to 6:00 pm (Macau Museum)

22. St. Anthony’s Church

One of the three oldest churches in the city, St. Anthony's Church was originally constructed in 1560 out of bamboo and wood.  A common victim to fire, it's burned down three times: in 1638, 1809 and 1874.  The 1874 fire was actually a blessing in disguise since it saved a lot of lives.  As the fire happened at night, and the church was a large structure, it became visible from far away and many people were alerted to the danger.  Still though, 5000 people perished in the blaze, and 2000 boats were sunk.


exterior of St Anthony's Church in Macau 

The church you see today owes itself to a renovation that occurred in 1930.  Since a lot of Portuguese used to marry there, St. Anthony’s is commonly referred to as the Church of Flowers.


main altar at St Anthony's Church in Macau man prays at a side altar at St Anthony's Church in Macau 


St. Anthony is the patron Saint of the Macanese community, named after St. Anthony of Padua, who was born in Lisbon in 1195.   Every year on the Sunday closest to June 13, the Church hosts the St. Anthony Procession.


Location: Santo Antonio Square     Opening Hours: 9:00 am to 5:30 pm

23. Casa Garden

Built in 1770, Casa Garden may have been the first luxurious villa in Macau, occupying an area that used to expand into Camoes Park.  Originally the summer home of the Portuguese aristocracy and upper class, it became the headquarters of the English East India Company in the early 19th Century.  Today it is the domain of the Oriental Foundation, an institution dedicated to cultural affairs.  An exhibition gallery on the first floor is open to the public.


exterior of Casa Garden in Macau large pond outside of Casa Garden in Macau

Location: Beside Camoes Square     Opening Hours: 9:30 am to 6:00 pm  (Closed on Mondays) 

24. Protestant Cemetery

Founded in 1821, the Protestant Cemetery was the first non Catholic cemetery in Macau.  The most famous inhabitants are 19th Century artist George Chinnery and Robert Morrison, the first man to translate the Bible into Chinese.  No new burials have been permitted in the cemetery since 1857, leaving the number of tombs frozen at 162. 

large gravestones at the Protestant Cemetery in Macau small gravestones at the Protestant Cemetery in Macau 

The adjacent Morrison Chapel was built in 1821, and renovated in 1922.  At only 80 square metres, it’s one of the most charming and serene buildings in Macau.


exterior of the Morrison Chapel in Macau


Location: Beside Camoes Square     Opening Hours: 8:30 am to 5:30 pm

25. Guia Fortress

A key cog of Macau’s defensive network, Guia Fortress was constructed between 1622 and 1638.  Clarist Nuns built Guia Chapel in 1622 while the first modern lighthouse in China, Guia Lighthouse, was finished in 1865.  The lighthouse is 15 meters high and its light can be seen as far as 20 miles away.


exterior of Guia Chapel and Lighthouse in Macau interior of Guia Chapel in Macau main altar of Guia Chapel in Macau  

Occupying the highest point in the city, the views afforded from Guia Fortress are fantastic.  The old murals inside the Chapel are pretty wonderful as well.


wall murals inside Guia Chapel in Macau side chamber of Guia Chapel in Macau side view of Guia Chapel and Lighthouse in Macau 


For more pictures, please have a look at Trip Report I.


Opening Hours: 9:00 am to 6:00 pm (Fortress)    Location: Guia Hill

10:00 am to 6:00 pm (Guia Chapel)